وبلاگ شیمی دانشگاه تاكستان سلام. من دانشجوی رشته شیمی کاربردی در دانشگاه آزاد تاکستان هستم.من سعی میکنم مطالب مفیدی رو در زمینه های علوم پایه و مهندسی به خصوص شیمی در اختیار شما عزیزان قرار بدم.امیدوارم با نظرات خودتون منو راهنمایی کنید. http://essi2010.mihanblog.com 2019-09-16T05:28:11+01:00 text/html 2011-11-04T09:12:09+01:00 essi2010.mihanblog.com محمدرضا اسماعیلی تهیه رنگ اورانژ 2 http://essi2010.mihanblog.com/post/2171 <P>واکنش دی آزوتاسیون برای اولین بار توسط دانشمندی به نام گریس کشف شد که باعث یک تحول در صنایع رنگسازی گردید.در این واکنش فنلها و نفتلها به عنوان کوپلاسیون به کار برده میشوند.از موادی که در تهیه این نوع رنگها به کار برده میشوند میتوان به اسید کلریدریک و سدیم نیتریت و بتا نفتول اشاره نمود.</P> <P>این رنگها به سه دسته رنگهای منوآزو- دی آزو و پلی آزو دسته بندی میشوند.تهیه رنگ اورانژ 2 یک نمونه از این نوع رنگها میباشد.تهیه این رنگ دو مرحله دارد.که در مرحله اول سولفانیلیک اسید به اضافه شده و در مرحله بعدی بتا نفتول و سپس این دو را روی هم میریزند.که یک رنگ دی آزونیوم تشکیل میشود.</P> text/html 2011-10-19T15:23:03+01:00 essi2010.mihanblog.com محمدرضا اسماعیلی گزارش کارآموزی http://essi2010.mihanblog.com/post/2170 در این قسمت میخوام نحوه نوشتن گزارش کارآموزی در یک شرکت رو برای دانشجویان عزیز آموزش بدم.در این قسمت فایلی رو با حجم بسیار کم برای شما عزیزان آماده کردم که با دریافت آن با <span style="color: rgb(204, 51, 204);">قسمت آغازین و فهرست بندی</span> یک گزارشکار آشنا میشوید که البته موضوع این گزارش که برای خودم هم بوده مواد شویندس که اگه کامل اونو خواستید در قسمت نظرات بنویسید.امیدوارم اونو دریافت کنید و به دردتون بخوره.<br><br><br><a href="http://parsaspace.com/files/9356724884/?c=946" target="" title="">دانلود با حجم بسیار کم</a><br> text/html 2011-10-18T16:28:28+01:00 essi2010.mihanblog.com محمدرضا اسماعیلی تركیب عمومی شوینده ها http://essi2010.mihanblog.com/post/2169 <!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:TrackMoves/> <w:TrackFormatting/> <w:PunctuationKerning/> <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas/> 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mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} </style> <![endif]--> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL"><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size: 14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;mso-bidi-language:FA" lang="FA">شوینده ها (</span><span dir="LTR" style="mso-bidi-language:FA">Detergents</span><span dir="RTL"></span><span dir="RTL"></span><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt; font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;mso-bidi-language:FA" lang="FA"><span dir="RTL"></span><span dir="RTL"></span>) كه برای مصارف مختلفی به بازار عرضه می شوند عموماً مخلوطی از چند ماده شیمیایی هستند كه هر كدام در عمل شویندگی نقشی را ایفا نموده و حضور هر كدام از آنها در شوینده ها از اهمیت خاصی برخوردار است:</span></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL"><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size: 14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;mso-bidi-language:FA" lang="FA">ـ سورفكتانت ها اصلی ترین و مهمترین ماده شیمیایی در شوینده ها (زداها) هستند كه معمولاً حدود 5 ای 30 درصد از وزن شوینده ها را تشكیل می دهند. آلكیل ـ آریل سولفونات ها، لوریل الكل سولفات ها، سولفات ها و یا سولفونات اتوكسیلات ها و بالاخره سولفونات آروماتیك ها چند نمونه از سورفكتانت ها هستند كه در اغلب شوینده ها یافت می شوند. نقش اساس سورفكتانت ها در شوینده ها این است كه سبب جدایی «چرك و چربی» از سطح می شود.</span></p> text/html 2011-10-07T07:58:13+01:00 essi2010.mihanblog.com محمدرضا اسماعیلی طریقه ساخت مایعات شوینده http://essi2010.mihanblog.com/post/2168 <!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:TrackMoves/> <w:TrackFormatting/> <w:PunctuationKerning/> <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas/> <w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>false</w:SaveIfXMLInvalid> <w:IgnoreMixedContent>false</w:IgnoreMixedContent> <w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText>false</w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText> <w:DoNotPromoteQF/> <w:LidThemeOther>EN-US</w:LidThemeOther> <w:LidThemeAsian>X-NONE</w:LidThemeAsian> 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Name="Bibliography"/> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" QFormat="true" Name="TOC Heading"/> </w:LatentStyles> </xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 10]> <style> /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} </style> <![endif]--> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL"><b><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size: 14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;color:black;mso-bidi-language:FA" lang="FA">ساخت مایع ظرفشویی :</span></b></p> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL"><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size: 14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;color:black;mso-bidi-language:FA" lang="FA">ابتدا آبگیری اولیه را انجام داده به این صورت که عدد کنتور راخوانده و یادداشت میکنیم . هر یک دور معادل صد لیتر آب است. بعد از آبگیری به مخزن ساخت آب ژاول اضافه میکنیم.سپس </span><span dir="LTR" style="color:black;mso-bidi-language:FA">edta</span><span dir="RTL"></span><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;; color:black;mso-bidi-language:FA" lang="FA"><span dir="RTL"></span> اضافه کرده و بعد سود و سپس اسید را که مخزن آن جدا است و در بالای مخزن ساخت قرار دارد را اضافه میکنیم.حال در این مرحله از ساخت باید مایع درون مخزن خنثی باشد برای این منظور به مقدار لازم برای خنثی شدن اسید سود اضافه کرده و با استفاده از کاغذ </span><span dir="LTR" style="color:black;mso-bidi-language:FA">pH</span><span dir="RTL"></span><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;; color:black;mso-bidi-language:FA"><span dir="RTL"></span> <span lang="FA">خنثی بودن آن را کنترل مینماییم.سپس به مخزن طبق فرمول ساخت تری اتانول آمین را اضافه کرده و بعد از آن و در حالی که میکسر روشن است کوکونات را اضافه میکنیم و سپس تگزاپون معمولی را درون مخزن ریخته و در آخر نمک و اوره را طبق فرمول اضافه میکنیم.حال باید نگهدارنده که همان فرمالین است و رنگ و اسانس مربوطه را اضافه کنیم.</span></span><span dir="LTR" style="color:black;mso-bidi-language:FA"></span></p> text/html 2011-10-07T07:56:18+01:00 essi2010.mihanblog.com محمدرضا اسماعیلی مواد نگهدارنده http://essi2010.mihanblog.com/post/2167 <!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:TrackMoves/> <w:TrackFormatting/> <w:PunctuationKerning/> <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas/> <w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>false</w:SaveIfXMLInvalid> 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mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma; mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA" lang="AR-SA">مواد جلوگیری می کنند. نگهدارنده ها انواع مختلفی دارند که بسته به نوع محصول در</span><span dir="LTR"></span><span style="font-size:14.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 16.0pt;font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language: EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA" lang="AR-SA"><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span dir="RTL" style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language:EN-US; mso-bidi-language:AR-SA" lang="AR-SA">مواد خوراکی، بهداشتی، شوینده ها و ... به کار میرود</span><span dir="LTR"></span><span style="font-size:14.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:16.0pt; font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language: EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA"><span dir="LTR"></span>. <br> </span><span dir="RTL" style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size: 14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;mso-ansi-language:EN-US; mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA" lang="AR-SA">نگهدانده های بسیار</span><span dir="LTR"></span><span style="font-size:14.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size: 16.0pt;font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language: EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA" lang="AR-SA"><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span dir="RTL" style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language:EN-US; mso-bidi-language:AR-SA" lang="AR-SA">زیادی جهت استفاده در صنایع بهداشتی وجود دارد که برای مثال تعدادی از آنها به شرح</span><span dir="LTR"></span><span style="font-size:14.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:16.0pt;font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;; mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA" lang="AR-SA"><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span dir="RTL" style="font-size:16.0pt; mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma; mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma; 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mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} </style> <![endif]--> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL"><b><span style="font-size:16.0pt; mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma; mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;color:black" lang="AR-SA">پلی اتیلن</span></b><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;B Nazanin&quot;;color:black" lang="AR-SA"><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;color:black" lang="AR-SA">یا</span><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;color:black" lang="AR-SA"><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><b><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;color:black" lang="AR-SA">پلی اتن</span></b><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;color:black" lang="AR-SA"><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;color:black" lang="AR-SA">یکی از ساده‌ترین و</span><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;; color:black" lang="AR-SA"><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span style="font-size: 16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;mso-ascii-font-family: Tahoma;mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;color:black" lang="AR-SA">ارزانترین</span><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;B Nazanin&quot;;color:black" lang="AR-SA"><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span dir="LTR" style="color:black"><a href="http://daneshnameh.roshd.ir/mavara/mavara-index.php?page=%D8%AF%D9%86%DB%8C%D8%A7%DB%8C+%D9%BE%D9%84%DB%8C%D9%85%D8%B1" title="دنیای پلیمر"><u><span dir="RTL" style="mso-bidi-font-size:14.0pt; font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;mso-hansi-font-family: Tahoma" lang="AR-SA">پلیمرها</span></u></a></span><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;; color:black"><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span style="font-size: 16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;mso-ascii-font-family: Tahoma;mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;color:black" lang="AR-SA">است. پلی اتیلن جامدی مومی و غیر فعال است. این ماده از</span><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;; color:black" lang="AR-SA"><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span dir="LTR" style="color:black"><a href="http://daneshnameh.roshd.ir/mavara/mavara-index.php?page=%D9%81%D8%B1%D8%A7%DB%8C%D9%86%D8%AF+%D9%BE%D9%84%DB%8C%D9%85%D8%B1%DB%8C%D8%B2%D8%A7%D8%B3%DB%8C%D9%88%D9%86" title="فرایند پلیمریزاسیون"><u><span dir="RTL" style="mso-bidi-font-size: 14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;mso-hansi-font-family: Tahoma" lang="AR-SA">پلیمریزاسیون</span></u></a></span><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;; color:black"><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span style="font-size: 16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;mso-ascii-font-family: Tahoma;mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;color:black" lang="AR-SA">اتیلن بدست می‌آید و بطور خلاصه بصورت</span><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;color:black" lang="AR-SA"><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span dir="LTR" style="font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;color:black">PE </span><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;color:black" lang="AR-SA">نشان داده می‌شود. مولکول اتیلن</span><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;; color:black"><span dir="LTR"></span> ( <span style="mso-no-proof:yes"></span>) </span><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;color:black" lang="AR-SA">دارای یک</span><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;color:black" lang="AR-SA"><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;color:black" lang="AR-SA">بند دو گانه</span><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="font-family: &quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;color:black" lang="AR-SA"><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span dir="LTR" style="font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;color:black">C=C </span><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;color:black" lang="AR-SA">است. در فرایند پلیمریزاسیون بند دو گانه هر یک از مونومرها</span><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;B Nazanin&quot;;color:black" lang="AR-SA"><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;color:black" lang="AR-SA">شکسته شده و بجای آن پیوند ساده‌ای بین اتم‌های</span><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family: &quot;B Nazanin&quot;;color:black" lang="AR-SA"><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span dir="LTR" style="color:black"><a href="http://daneshnameh.roshd.ir/mavara/mavara-index.php?page=%DA%A9%D8%B1%D8%A8%D9%86" title="کربن"><u><span dir="RTL" style="mso-bidi-font-size:14.0pt; font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;mso-hansi-font-family: Tahoma" lang="AR-SA">کربن</span></u></a></span><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;; color:black"><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span style="font-size: 16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;mso-ascii-font-family: Tahoma;mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;color:black" lang="AR-SA">مونومرها ایجاد</span><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;color:black" lang="AR-SA"><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;color:black" lang="AR-SA">می‌شود و محصول ایجاد شده یک</span><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;; color:black" lang="AR-SA"><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span dir="LTR" style="color:black"><a href="http://daneshnameh.roshd.ir/mavara/mavara-index.php?page=%D9%85%D8%A7%DA%A9%D8%B1%D9%88%D9%85%D9%88%D9%84%DA%A9%D9%88%D9%84%D9%87%D8%A7" title="ماکرومولکولها"><u><span dir="RTL" style="mso-bidi-font-size:14.0pt; font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;mso-hansi-font-family: Tahoma" lang="AR-SA">درشت‌مولکول</span></u></a></span><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;; color:black"><span dir="LTR"></span> </span><span style="font-size: 16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;mso-ascii-font-family: Tahoma;mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;color:black" lang="AR-SA">است</span><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;; color:black"><span dir="LTR"></span>. </span><span style="font-size: 16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;mso-ascii-font-family: Tahoma;mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;color:black" lang="AR-SA"></span></p> text/html 2011-10-07T07:50:12+01:00 essi2010.mihanblog.com محمدرضا اسماعیلی روش های تولید پلی اتیلن http://essi2010.mihanblog.com/post/2165 <!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:TrackMoves/> <w:TrackFormatting/> <w:PunctuationKerning/> <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas/> <w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>false</w:SaveIfXMLInvalid> <w:IgnoreMixedContent>false</w:IgnoreMixedContent> <w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText>false</w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText> <w:DoNotPromoteQF/> <w:LidThemeOther>EN-US</w:LidThemeOther> <w:LidThemeAsian>X-NONE</w:LidThemeAsian> <w:LidThemeComplexScript>AR-SA</w:LidThemeComplexScript> 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New Roman&quot;;mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma; color:#333333;mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language: AR-SA" lang="AR-SA">چهار روش اصلی برای تولید صنعتی پلی اتیلن وجود دارد و در هر مورد، محصولاتی با خواص متفاوت حاصل می شود. </span><span dir="RTL" style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;; mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;;color:#333333;mso-ansi-language:EN-US; mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA" lang="AR-SA">▪</span><span dir="RTL" style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;color:#333333;mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language: EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA" lang="AR-SA"> فرآیند فشار بالا در فرآیند فشار بالا، از فشارهای </span><span style="font-size:14.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:16.0pt; font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;color:#333333;mso-ansi-language:EN-US; mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA">atm</span><span dir="RTL"></span><span dir="RTL" style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;color:#333333;mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language: EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA"><span dir="RTL"></span> </span><span dir="RTL" style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;color:#333333;mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language: EN-US;mso-bidi-language:FA" lang="FA">۳۰۰۰-۱۰۰۰</span><span dir="RTL" style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;; mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;mso-fareast-font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;; mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;color:#333333;mso-ansi-language:EN-US;mso-fareast-language: EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA" lang="AR-SA"> و دماهای استفاده می شود. یكی از مكانیسم ها برای انجام این كار، پلیمریزاسیون به صورت رادیكالی است كه برای شروع واكنش می توان از پراكسیدها، تركیبات آزو و مقادیر جزئی اكسیژن استفاده كرد و باید شرایط به دقت كنترل شود تا واكنش فرعی انجام نشود. در صورت انجام واكنش فرعی، هیدروژن، متان و گرافیت تولید می گردد كه اگر به دست آوردن پلیمری با جرم مولكولی زیاد مورد نظر باشد باید آنها را از محیط واكنش خارج كرد. به طور كلی، فرآیندهای فشار بالا، پلی اتیلن های شاخه دار با دانسیته كمتر در محدوده </span><span style="font-size: 14.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:16.0pt;font-family:&quot;Tahoma&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-bidi-font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;color:#333333;mso-ansi-language: EN-US;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA">gr/cm3 - </span><span dir="RTL"></span><span dir="RTL" style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size: 14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;color:#333333;mso-ansi-language: EN-US;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:FA" lang="FA"><span dir="RTL"></span>۹۴۵/۰-۹۱۵/۰</span><span dir="RTL" style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt; font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;mso-ascii-font-family:Tahoma;mso-fareast-font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;mso-hansi-font-family:Tahoma;color:#333333;mso-ansi-language: EN-US;mso-fareast-language:EN-US;mso-bidi-language:AR-SA" lang="AR-SA"> ایجاد می كنند كه جرم مولی آنها نیز نسبتاً پایین است. </span> text/html 2011-10-07T07:48:53+01:00 essi2010.mihanblog.com محمدرضا اسماعیلی مواد اولیه در تولید پودر رختشویی 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mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} </style> <![endif]--> <p class="MsoNormal" dir="RTL"><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size: 14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;mso-bidi-language:FA" lang="FA">تری پلی فسفات سدیم ، سولفات سدیم ، سیلیكات سدیم ، كربنات سدیم ، خمیر سولفونات سدیم ، كربوكسی متیل سلولز<span style="mso-spacerun:yes">&nbsp; </span></span><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="mso-bidi-language:FA"><span dir="LTR"></span>)</span><span dir="RTL"></span><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt; font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;mso-bidi-language:FA"><span dir="RTL"></span> </span><span dir="LTR" style="mso-bidi-language:FA">C</span><span dir="RTL"></span><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;; mso-bidi-language:FA" lang="FA"><span dir="RTL"></span> ،</span><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="mso-bidi-language:FA"><span dir="LTR"></span> M </span><span dir="RTL"></span><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt; font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;mso-bidi-language:FA" lang="FA"><span dir="RTL"></span>،</span><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="mso-bidi-language:FA"><span dir="LTR"></span>( C </span><span dir="RTL"></span><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size: 14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;mso-bidi-language:FA"><span dir="RTL"></span><span style="mso-spacerun:yes">&nbsp;</span></span><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="mso-bidi-language:FA"><span dir="LTR"></span>,</span><span dir="RTL"></span><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;; mso-bidi-language:FA" lang="FA"><span dir="RTL"></span> کوگرانول </span><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="mso-bidi-language:FA"><span dir="LTR"></span>,</span><span dir="RTL"></span><span style="font-size:16.0pt;mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt; font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;mso-bidi-language:FA" lang="FA"><span dir="RTL"></span> آلکیل بنزن سولفونات (اسید) </span><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="LTR"></span>,</span><span style="font-size:16.0pt; mso-ansi-font-size:14.0pt;font-family:&quot;B Nazanin&quot;;mso-bidi-language:FA" lang="FA">اُ پتیكال برایتنر ، اسانس و آب كه با توجه به فرمولاسیون مختلف محصولات این تركیب میتواند متفاوت باشد</span><span dir="LTR"></span><span dir="LTR" style="mso-bidi-language: FA"><span dir="LTR"></span> .</span></p>